Orthorexia … what is it?

Hello Everyone,
so much happened last year, I am back in my home country after 9 years traveling around the world working in 3 different countries -Norway, US, China. I became tired after leaving in China 3,5 year.
orthorexia

I have decided to make another blog about this special country, but today I wanted to write about Orthorexia. Orthorexia is defined as an obsession with food that one considers healthy.
At one moment after weight loss and I realized my behaviors started to become orthorexic, I so I turned back to my former eating behavior and stopped checking weight and today I realized I am almost 70kg on my weight scale. Well I just cannot remember how it happened. I was nearly 55 kg 2 years ago. Today I am going to write about this special food obsession, actually on eating only healthy foods, removing from the diet unhealthy ones, assumed by one being unhealthy not by everyone.

First of all today on 18th of march 2018, I have decided to loose 10 -15kg in 2 months, you would say crazy, no, I think it is necessary. I feel so tired every day, I sleep all day long. I have impression that I am so tired because I am so heavy. I afraid to weight myself till now and this is why I gained so much weight. In this post I would like to worn before any type of eating disorder, because any of them may ruin your life. You set the life activity around your eating habits. Today I have decided to make myself free from any type of bad habits. We are thinking beings, so each human should work on ability to control, some people tent to control one part of their life like their weight or eating habit that gives them an illusive sense of security that they control their lives.

Orthorexia nervosa (also known as orthorexia) is a proposed eating disorder characterized by an excessive preoccupation with eating healthy food. The term was introduced in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, M.D. He suggested that some people’s dietary restrictions intended to promote health may paradoxically lead to unhealthy consequences, such as social isolation, anxiety, loss of ability to eat in a natural, intuitive manner, reduced interest in the full range of other healthy human activities, and, in rare cases, severe malnutrition or even death.

In 2009, Ursula Philpot, chair of the British Dietetic Association and senior lecturer at Leeds Metropolitan University,described people with orthorexia nervosa as being “solely concerned with the quality of the food they put in their bodies, refining and restricting their diets according to their personal understanding of which foods are truly ‘pure’.” This differs from other eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, where those affected focus on the quantity of food eaten.
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Symptoms of orthorexia nervosa may include:
– obsessive focus on food choice, planning, purchase, preparation, and consumption;
– obsessive focus on food regarded primarily as source of health rather than pleasure;
– distress or disgust when in proximity to prohibited foods;
– exaggerated faith that inclusion or elimination of particular kinds of food can prevent or cure disease or affect daily well-being;
– periodic shifts in dietary beliefs while other processes persist unchanged;
– moral judgment of others based on dietary choices;
– body image distortion around sense of physical “impurity” rather than weight;
– persistent belief that dietary practices are health-promoting despite evidence of malnutrition.

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Diagnostic criteria
In 2016, formal criteria for orthorexia were proposed in the peer-reviewed journal Eating Behaviors by authors Dr Thom Dunn of the University of Northern Colorado, and Steven Bratman. These criteria are as follows:
Criterion A. Obsessive focus on “healthy” eating, as defined by a dietary theory or set of beliefs whose specific details may vary; marked by exaggerated emotional distress in relationship to food choices perceived as unhealthy; weight loss may ensue, but this is conceptualized as an aspect of ideal health rather than as the primary goal. As evidenced by the following:
1. Compulsive behavior and/or mental preoccupation regarding affirmative and restrictive dietary practices believed by the individual to promote optimum health. (Footnotes to this criteria add: 2. Dietary practices may include use of concentrated “food supplements.” Exercise performance and/or fit body image may be regarded as an aspect or indicator of health.)
2. Violation of self-imposed dietary rules causes exaggerated fear of disease, sense of personal impurity and/or negative physical sensations, accompanied by anxiety and shame.
3. Dietary restrictions escalate over time, and may come to include elimination of entire food groups and involve progressively more frequent and/or severe “cleanses” (partial fasts) regarded as purifying or detoxifying. This escalation commonly leads to weight loss, but the desire to lose weight is absent, hidden or subordinated to ideation about healthy food.
Criterion B. The compulsive behavior and mental preoccupation becomes clinically impairing by any of the following:
1. Malnutrition, severe weight loss or other medical complications from restricted diet
2. Intrapersonal distress or impairment of social, academic or vocational functioning secondary to beliefs or behaviors about healthy diet
3. Positive body image, self-worth, identity and/or satisfaction excessively dependent on compliance with self-defined “healthy” eating behavior.
A diagnostic questionnaire has been developed for orthorexia sufferers, similar to questionnaires for other eating disorders, named the ORTO-15.

Are you an enthusiast for healthy food? That’s great!
However, for some people, interest in healthy food can transform into an eating disorder. The following self-test is designed to help you determine whether you have come close to, or have already crossed, that line.

Here you can use The Authorized Bratman Orthorexia Self-Test:
The following self-test is designed to help you determine whether you have come close to, or have already crossed, that line.

If you are a healthy-diet enthusiast, and you answer yes to any of the following questions, you may be developing orthorexia nervosa:
(1) I spend so much of my life thinking about, choosing and preparing healthy food that it interferes with other dimensions of my life, such as love, creativity, family, friendship, work and school.
(2) When I eat any food I regard to be unhealthy, I feel anxious, guilty, impure, unclean and/or defiled; even to be near such foods disturbs me, and I feel judgmental of others who eat such foods.
(3) My personal sense of peace, happiness, joy, safety and self-esteem is excessively dependent on the purity and rightness of what I eat.
(4) Sometimes I would like to relax my self-imposed “good food” rules for a special occasion, such as a wedding or a meal with family or friends, but I find that I cannot. (Note: If you have a medical condition in which it is unsafe for you to make ANY exception to your diet, then this item does not apply.)
(5) Over time, I have steadily eliminated more foods and expanded my list of food rules in an attempt to maintain or enhance health benefits; sometimes, I may take an existing food theory and add to it with beliefs of my own.
(6) Following my theory of healthy eating has caused me to lose more weight than most people would say is good for me, or has caused other signs of malnutrition such as hair loss, loss of menstruation or skin problems.

Well I made this test and actually as of today no worries, actually should probably focus on more healthy diet :)
Coming back soon with my self weight body challenge .